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def itersubclasses(cls, _seen=None):
    """
    itersubclasses(cls)

    Generator over all subclasses of a given class, in depth first order.

    >>> list(itersubclasses(int)) == [bool]
    True
    >>> class A(object): pass
    >>> class B(A): pass
    >>> class C(A): pass
    >>> class D(B,C): pass
    >>> class E(D): pass
    >>> 
    >>> for cls in itersubclasses(A):
    ...     print(cls.__name__)
    B
    D
    E
    C
    >>> # get ALL (new-style) classes currently defined
    >>> [cls.__name__ for cls in itersubclasses(object)] #doctest: +ELLIPSIS
    ['type', ...'tuple', ...]
    """
    
    if not isinstance(cls, type):
        raise TypeError('itersubclasses must be called with '
                        'new-style classes, not %.100r' % cls)
    if _seen is None: _seen = set()
    try:
        subs = cls.__subclasses__()
    except TypeError: # fails only when cls is type
        subs = cls.__subclasses__(cls)
    for sub in subs:
        if sub not in _seen:
            _seen.add(sub)
            yield sub
            for sub in itersubclasses(sub, _seen):
                yield sub


if __name__ == '__main__':
    import doctest
    doctest.testmod(verbose=1)

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  • revision 3 (12 years ago)
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