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#!/usr/bin/env python

import re

""" Calculate  the checksum for NMEA sentence 
    from a GPS device. An NMEA sentence comprises
    a number of comma separated fields followed by
    a checksum (in hex) after a "*". An example
    of NMEA sentence with a correct checksum (of
    0x76) is:

def checksum(sentence):

    """ Remove any newlines """
    if re.search("\n$", sentence):
        sentence = sentence[:-1]

    nmeadata,cksum = re.split('\*', sentence)

    calc_cksum = 0
    for s in nmeadata:
        calc_cksum ^= ord(s)

    """ Return the nmeadata, the checksum from
        sentence, and the calculated checksum
    return nmeadata,'0x'+cksum,hex(calc_cksum)

if __name__=='__main__':

    """ NMEA sentence with checksum error (3rd field 
       should be 10 not 20)
    line = "GPGSV,3,3,20,26,37,134,00,29,25,136,00*76\n"

    """ Get NMEA data and checksums """

    data,cksum,calc_cksum = checksum(line)

    """ Verify checksum (will report checksum error) """ 
    if cksum != calc_cksum:
        print "Error in checksum for: %s" % (data)
        print "Checksums are %s and %s" % (cksum,calc_cksum)