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#!/usr/bin/env python
#
#
# OSPF Multicast Sniffer 
# 
# Add's a listener to multicast group 224.0.0.5 (AllSPFRouters),
# waits for an OSPF hello packet and extract the most important info.
# Won't work on Win32...
#
# Limited support for LS_UPDATE, LS_REQUEST, LS_ACKNOWLEDGE and
# DB_DESCRIPTION specific structure.
#
# ***CODE PROVIDED AS-IS WITHOUT ANY KIND OF WARRANTY*** 
#
# Sample Output:
# *** Packet received from 192.168.1.231 ***
# Protocol OSPF IGP (89)
# Message Type: Hello Packet (1)
# OSPF Version: 2
# Area ID: 0.0.0.0
# Source OSPF Router: 192.168.168.231
# Authentication Type: Message-digest
# Network Mask: 255.255.255.0
# Router Priority: 1
# Hello Interval: 10 seconds
# Dead Interval: 40 seconds
# Designated Router: 192.168.1.230
# Backup Designated Router: 192.168.1.231
#

from socket import *
from sys import exit
from struct import pack
from binascii import b2a_hex, b2a_qp 
from string import atoi

MCAST_GROUP = '224.0.0.5'
PROTO = 89
BUFSIZE = 10240

OSPF_TYPE_IGP = '59'
HELLO_PACKET = '01'
DB_DESCRIPTION = '02'
LS_REQUEST = '03'
LS_UPDATE = '04'
LS_ACKNOWLEDGE = '05'

class mcast(object):
        def __init__(self):
                self.bufsize = BUFSIZE
        def create(self, MCAST_GROUP, PROTO):
                self.mcast_group = MCAST_GROUP
                self.proto = PROTO
               	s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, self.proto)
               	s.setsockopt(SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
               	mcast = pack('4sl', inet_aton(self.mcast_group), INADDR_ANY)
               	s.setsockopt(IPPROTO_IP, IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, mcast)
		return s
        def recv(self,s):
                self.s = s
                return self.s.recvfrom(self.bufsize)

def td(r):
	for i in r:
		return atoi(b2a_hex(i), 16)

if __name__ == '__main__':
	print """
	\nAdding multicast group %s with protocol %d\nWaiting for first packet to arrive...\n
	      """ % (MCAST_GROUP, PROTO)

        mcast = mcast()
	mgroup = mcast.create(MCAST_GROUP, PROTO)
	
	pos = 0
        while True:
                try:
	                data, addr = mcast.recv(mgroup)
			if data:
				break
                except KeyboardInterrupt:
                        exit()

	print "*** Packet received from %s ***" % (addr[0])	
	if b2a_hex(data[pos+9]) == OSPF_TYPE_IGP:
		print "Protocol OSPF IGP (%d)" % atoi(b2a_hex(data[pos+9]),16)
	else: 
		print "Error, not an OSPF packet"
		exit(0) 

	pos += 20 
	# Message Type 
	if b2a_hex(data[pos+1]) == HELLO_PACKET:
		type = 1 
		print "Message Type: Hello Packet (%d)" % atoi(b2a_hex(data[pos+1]),16)
	elif b2a_hex(data[pos+1]) == DB_DESCRIPTION:
		type = 2
		print "Message Type: DB Description (%d)" % atoi(b2a_hex(data[pos+1]),16)
	elif b2a_hex(data[pos+1]) == LS_REQUEST:
		type = 3
		print "Message Type: LS Request (%d)" % atoi(b2a_hex(data[pos+1]),16)
	elif b2a_hex(data[pos+1]) == LS_UPDATE:
		type = 4
                print "Message Type: LS Update (%d)" % atoi(b2a_hex(data[pos+1]),16)
	elif b2a_hex(data[pos+1]) == LS_ACKNOWLEDGE:
		type = 5
                print "Message Type: LS Acknowledge (%d)" % atoi(b2a_hex(data[pos+1]),16)

	if b2a_hex(data[pos]) == '01' or '02' or '03':
		print "OSPF Version: %d" % atoi(b2a_hex(data[pos]),16)
	else: print "OSPF Version: Unknown"

	print "Area ID: %s" % (inet_ntoa(data[pos+8:pos+12])) 
	print "Source OSPF Router: %s" % (inet_ntoa(data[pos+4:pos+8]))

	# Authentication Type 
	if b2a_hex(data[pos+14]) == '00' and b2a_hex(data[pos+15]) == '00':
		print "Authentication Type: None"
	elif b2a_hex(data[pos+14]) == '00' and b2a_hex(data[pos+15]) == '01':
		print "Authentication Type: Plain text"
		print "Authentication Data: %s" % b2a_qp(data[pos+16:pos+24])
	elif b2a_hex(data[pos+14]) == '00' and b2a_hex(data[pos+15]) == '02':
		print "Authentication Type: Message-digest"

	if type == 1:
		# Hello Packet
		print "Network Mask: %s" % (inet_ntoa(data[pos+24:pos+28]))
		print "Router Priority: %d" % (td(data[pos+31]))
		print "Hello Interval: %d seconds" % (td(data[pos+28]) + td(data[pos+29]))
		print "Dead Interval: %d seconds" % (td(data[pos+32]) + td(data[pos+33]) + td(data[pos+34]) +td(data[pos+35]))
		print "Designated Router: %s" % (inet_ntoa(data[pos+36:pos+40]))
		print "Backup Designated Router: %s\n" % (inet_ntoa(data[pos+40:pos+44]))

	elif type != 1:
		exit(0)

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  • revision 2 (12 years ago)
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