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import codecs, encodings

"""Caller will hand this library a buffer and ask it to either convert
it or auto-detect the type."""

# None represents a potentially variable byte. "##" in the XML spec... 
autodetect_dict={ # bytepattern     : ("name",              
                (0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFF) : ("ucs4_be"),        
                (0xFF, 0xFE, 0x00, 0x00) : ("ucs4_le"),
                (0xFE, 0xFF, None, None) : ("utf_16_be"), 
                (0xFF, 0xFE, None, None) : ("utf_16_le"), 
                (0x00, 0x3C, 0x00, 0x3F) : ("utf_16_be"),
                (0x3C, 0x00, 0x3F, 0x00) : ("utf_16_le"),
                (0x3C, 0x3F, 0x78, 0x6D): ("utf_8"),
                (0x4C, 0x6F, 0xA7, 0x94): ("EBCDIC")

def autoDetectXMLEncoding(buffer):
    """ buffer -> encoding_name
    The buffer should be at least 4 bytes long.
        Returns None if encoding cannot be detected.
        Note that encoding_name might not have an installed
        decoder (e.g. EBCDIC)
    # a more efficient implementation would not decode the whole
    # buffer at once but otherwise we'd have to decode a character at
    # a time looking for the quote character...that's a pain

    encoding = "utf_8" # according to the XML spec, this is the default
                          # this code successively tries to refine the default
                          # whenever it fails to refine, it falls back to 
                          # the last place encoding was set.
    bytes = (byte1, byte2, byte3, byte4) = tuple(map(ord, buffer[0:4]))
    enc_info = autodetect_dict.get(bytes, None)

    if not enc_info: # try autodetection again removing potentially 
                     # variable bytes
        bytes = (byte1, byte2, None, None)
        enc_info = autodetect_dict.get(bytes)

    if enc_info:
        encoding = enc_info # we've got a guess... these are
                            #the new defaults

        # try to find a more precise encoding using xml declaration
        secret_decoder_ring = codecs.lookup(encoding)[1]
        (decoded,length) = secret_decoder_ring(buffer) 
        first_line = decoded.split("\n")[0]
        if first_line and first_line.startswith(u"<?xml"):
            encoding_pos = first_line.find(u"encoding")
            if encoding_pos!=-1:
                # look for double quote
                quote_pos=first_line.find('"', encoding_pos) 

                if quote_pos==-1:                 # look for single quote
                    quote_pos=first_line.find("'", encoding_pos) 

                if quote_pos>-1:

    return encoding