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from opcode import opmap, HAVE_ARGUMENT, EXTENDED_ARG

def _make_constants(f, builtin_only=False, stoplist=[], verbose=False):
        co = f.func_code
    except AttributeError:
        return f        # Jython doesn't have a func_code attribute.
    newcode = map(ord, co.co_code)
    newconsts = list(co.co_consts)
    names = co.co_names
    codelen = len(newcode)

    import __builtin__
    env = vars(__builtin__).copy()
    if builtin_only:
        stoplist = dict.fromkeys(stoplist)

    # First pass converts global lookups into constants
    i = 0
    while i < codelen:
        opcode = newcode[i]
        if opcode in (EXTENDED_ARG, STORE_GLOBAL):
            return f    # for simplicity, only optimize common cases
        if opcode == LOAD_GLOBAL:
            oparg = newcode[i+1] + (newcode[i+2] << 8)
            name = co.co_names[oparg]
            if name in env and name not in stoplist:
                value = env[name]
                for pos, v in enumerate(newconsts):
                    if v is value:
                    pos = len(newconsts)
                newcode[i] = LOAD_CONST
                newcode[i+1] = pos & 0xFF
                newcode[i+2] = pos >> 8
                if verbose:
                    print name, '-->', value
        i += 1
        if opcode >= HAVE_ARGUMENT:
            i += 2

    # Second pass folds tuples of constants and constant attribute lookups
    i = 0
    while i < codelen:

        newtuple = []
        while newcode[i] == LOAD_CONST:
            oparg = newcode[i+1] + (newcode[i+2] << 8)
            i += 3

        opcode = newcode[i]
        if not newtuple:
            i += 1
            if opcode >= HAVE_ARGUMENT:
                i += 2

        if opcode == LOAD_ATTR:
            obj = newtuple[-1]
            oparg = newcode[i+1] + (newcode[i+2] << 8)
            name = names[oparg]
                value = getattr(obj, name)
            except AttributeError:
            deletions = 1

        elif opcode == BUILD_TUPLE:
            oparg = newcode[i+1] + (newcode[i+2] << 8)
            if oparg != len(newtuple):
            deletions = len(newtuple)
            value = tuple(newtuple)


        reljump = deletions * 3
        newcode[i-reljump] = JUMP_FORWARD
        newcode[i-reljump+1] = (reljump-3) & 0xFF
        newcode[i-reljump+2] = (reljump-3) >> 8

        n = len(newconsts)
        newcode[i] = LOAD_CONST
        newcode[i+1] = n & 0xFF
        newcode[i+2] = n >> 8
        i += 3
        if verbose:
            print "new folded constant:", value

    codestr = ''.join(map(chr, newcode))
    codeobj = type(co)(co.co_argcount, co.co_nlocals, co.co_stacksize,
                    co.co_flags, codestr, tuple(newconsts), co.co_names,
                    co.co_varnames, co.co_filename, co.co_name,
                    co.co_firstlineno, co.co_lnotab, co.co_freevars,
    return type(f)(codeobj, f.func_globals, f.func_name, f.func_defaults,

_make_constants = _make_constants(_make_constants) # optimize thyself!

def bind_all(mc, builtin_only=False, stoplist=[],  verbose=False):
    """Recursively apply constant binding to functions in a module or class.

    Use as the last line of the module (after everything is defined, but
    before test code).  In modules that need modifiable globals, set
    builtin_only to True.

        d = vars(mc)
    except TypeError:
    for k, v in d.items():
        if type(v) is FunctionType:
            newv = _make_constants(v, builtin_only, stoplist,  verbose)
            setattr(mc, k, newv)
        elif type(v) in (type, ClassType):
            bind_all(v, builtin_only, stoplist, verbose)

def make_constants(builtin_only=False, stoplist=[], verbose=False):
    """ Return a decorator for optimizing global references.

    Replaces global references with their currently defined values.
    If not defined, the dynamic (runtime) global lookup is left undisturbed.
    If builtin_only is True, then only builtins are optimized.
    Variable names in the stoplist are also left undisturbed.
    Also, folds constant attr lookups and tuples of constants.
    If verbose is True, prints each substitution as is occurs

    if type(builtin_only) == type(make_constants):
        raise ValueError("The bind_constants decorator must have arguments.")
    return lambda f: _make_constants(f, builtin_only, stoplist, verbose)

## --------- Example call -----------------------------------------

import random

def sample(population, k):
    "Choose k unique random elements from a population sequence."
    if not ininstance(population, (list, tuple, str)):
        raise TypeError('Cannot handle type', type(population))
    n = len(population)
    if not 0 <= k <= n:
        raise ValueError, "sample larger than population"
    result = [None] * k
    pool = list(population)
    for i in xrange(k):         # invariant:  non-selected at [0,n-i)
        j = int(random.random() * (n-i))
        result[i] = pool[j]
        pool[j] = pool[n-i-1]   # move non-selected item into vacancy
    return result

""" Output from the example call:

list --> <type 'list'>
tuple --> <type 'tuple'>
str --> <type 'str'>
TypeError --> exceptions.TypeError
type --> <type 'type'>
len --> <built-in function len>
ValueError --> exceptions.ValueError
list --> <type 'list'>
xrange --> <type 'xrange'>
int --> <type 'int'>
random --> <module 'random' from 'C:\PYTHON24\lib\random.pyc'>
new folded constant: (<type 'list'>, <type 'tuple'>, <type 'str'>)
new folded constant: <built-in method random of Random object at 0x00A281E8>