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I put together this code for one of my programs and decided to share it. You may never know when you will need you Python Program to send an email to someone. Sending Email From Python.

NOTE: You will have to change the account setup variables to your own. The server is currently configured o Gmail, but you can use this script with any server.

Python, 124 lines
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#account setup
username = '***';
password = '***';
server = 'smtp.gmail.com:587';

#imports
from time import sleep;
import smtplib;
from email.mime.application import MIMEApplication
from email.mime.text import MIMEText;
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart;


# create msg - MIME* object
# takes addresses to, from cc and a subject
# returns the MIME* object
def create_msg(to_address,
               from_address='',
               cc_address='',
               bcc_address='',
               subject=''):
    
    msg = MIMEMultipart();
    msg['Subject'] = subject;
    msg['To'] = to_address;
    msg['Cc'] = cc_address;
    msg['From'] = from_address;
    return msg;

# send an email
# takes an smtp address, user name, password and MIME* object
# if mode = 0 sends to and cc
# if mode = 1 sends to bcc
def send_email(smtp_address, usr, password, msg, mode):
    server = smtplib.SMTP(smtp_address);
    server.ehlo();
    server.starttls();
    server.ehlo();
    server.login(username,password);
    if (mode == 0 and msg['To'] != ''):
        server.sendmail(msg['From'],(msg['To']+msg['Cc']).split(","), msg.as_string());
    elif (mode == 1 and msg['Bcc'] != ''):
        server.sendmail(msg['From'],msg['Bcc'].split(","),msg.as_string());
    elif (mode != 0 and mode != 1):
        print 'error in send mail bcc'; print 'email cancled'; exit();
    server.quit();

# compose email
# takes all the details for an email and sends it
# address format: list, [0] - to
#                       [1] - cc
#                       [2] - bcc
# subject format: string
# body format: list of pairs [0] - text
#                            [1] - type:
#                                        0 - plain
#                                        1 - html
# files is list of strings
def compose_email(addresses, subject, body, files):

    # addresses
    to_address = addresses[0];
    cc_address = addresses[1];
    bcc_address = addresses[2];

    # create a message
    msg = create_msg(to_address, cc_address=cc_address , subject=subject);

    # add text
    for text in body:
        attach_text(msg, text[0], text[1]);

    # add files
    if (files != ''):
        file_list = files.split(',');
        for afile in file_list:
            attach_file(msg, afile);

    # send message
    send_email(server, username, password, msg, 0);

    # check for bcc
    if (bcc_address != ''):
        msg['Bcc'] = bcc_address;
        send_email(server, username, password, msg, 1);
        
    print 'email sent'

# attach text
# attaches a plain text or html text to a message
def attach_text(msg, atext, mode):
    part = MIMEText(atext, get_mode(mode));
    msg.attach(part);

# util function to get mode type
def get_mode(mode):
    if (mode == 0):
        mode = 'plain';
    elif (mode == 1):
        mode = 'html';
    else:
        print 'error in text kind'; print 'email cancled'; exit();
    return mode;

# attach file
# takes the message and a file name and attaches the file to the message
def attach_file(msg, afile):
    part = MIMEApplication(open(afile, "rb").read());
    part.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'attachment', filename=afile);
    msg.attach(part);

#to be tested...
compose_email(['cpt@thelivingpearl.com','',''],
              'test v.5.0',
              [['some text goes here...\n',0]],
              '');
              
#compose_email can take the following arguments: 
#	1. to recipients (separated by a comma)
#	2. cc recipients (separated by a comma)
#	3. bcc recipients (separated by a comma)
#	4. subject
#	5. a list with message and mode (plain txt or html)
#	6. files to be attached

2 comments

Jorge Besada 6 years, 11 months ago  # | flag

Hi thanks, just what I needed, much better than my email functions Note: I needed to have the 'from' in my email, added the change below


def compose_email(addresses, subject, body, files):

# addresses
to_address = addresses[0];
from_address = addresses[1];
cc_address = addresses[2];
bcc_address = addresses[3];

# create a message msg = create_msg(to_address, from_address=from_address, cc_address=cc_address , subject=subject);

So the test would be:

to be tested...

compose_email(['cpt@thelivingpearl.com','SENDER_EMAIL@NOREPLY.COM','',''], 'test v.5.0', [['some text goes here...\n',0]], '');

I also changed (in my case) the prints to print() , I am using Python 3.4

codekraft 4 years, 8 months ago  # | flag

The import

from time import sleep

is never used.

Created by Captain DeadBones on Fri, 10 Jan 2014 (MIT)
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