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#!/usr/bin/env python

"""
Bytes-to-human / human-to-bytes converter.
Based on: http://goo.gl/kTQMs
Working with Python 2.x and 3.x.

Author: Giampaolo Rodola' <g.rodola [AT] gmail [DOT] com>
License: MIT
"""

# see: http://goo.gl/kTQMs
SYMBOLS = {
    'customary'     : ('B', 'K', 'M', 'G', 'T', 'P', 'E', 'Z', 'Y'),
    'customary_ext' : ('byte', 'kilo', 'mega', 'giga', 'tera', 'peta', 'exa',
                       'zetta', 'iotta'),
    'iec'           : ('Bi', 'Ki', 'Mi', 'Gi', 'Ti', 'Pi', 'Ei', 'Zi', 'Yi'),
    'iec_ext'       : ('byte', 'kibi', 'mebi', 'gibi', 'tebi', 'pebi', 'exbi',
                       'zebi', 'yobi'),
}

def bytes2human(n, format='%(value).1f %(symbol)s', symbols='customary'):
    """
    Convert n bytes into a human readable string based on format.
    symbols can be either "customary", "customary_ext", "iec" or "iec_ext",
    see: http://goo.gl/kTQMs

      >>> bytes2human(0)
      '0.0 B'
      >>> bytes2human(0.9)
      '0.0 B'
      >>> bytes2human(1)
      '1.0 B'
      >>> bytes2human(1.9)
      '1.0 B'
      >>> bytes2human(1024)
      '1.0 K'
      >>> bytes2human(1048576)
      '1.0 M'
      >>> bytes2human(1099511627776127398123789121)
      '909.5 Y'

      >>> bytes2human(9856, symbols="customary")
      '9.6 K'
      >>> bytes2human(9856, symbols="customary_ext")
      '9.6 kilo'
      >>> bytes2human(9856, symbols="iec")
      '9.6 Ki'
      >>> bytes2human(9856, symbols="iec_ext")
      '9.6 kibi'

      >>> bytes2human(10000, "%(value).1f %(symbol)s/sec")
      '9.8 K/sec'

      >>> # precision can be adjusted by playing with %f operator
      >>> bytes2human(10000, format="%(value).5f %(symbol)s")
      '9.76562 K'
    """
    n = int(n)
    if n < 0:
        raise ValueError("n < 0")
    symbols = SYMBOLS[symbols]
    prefix = {}
    for i, s in enumerate(symbols[1:]):
        prefix[s] = 1 << (i+1)*10
    for symbol in reversed(symbols[1:]):
        if n >= prefix[symbol]:
            value = float(n) / prefix[symbol]
            return format % locals()
    return format % dict(symbol=symbols[0], value=n)

def human2bytes(s):
    """
    Attempts to guess the string format based on default symbols
    set and return the corresponding bytes as an integer.
    When unable to recognize the format ValueError is raised.

      >>> human2bytes('0 B')
      0
      >>> human2bytes('1 K')
      1024
      >>> human2bytes('1 M')
      1048576
      >>> human2bytes('1 Gi')
      1073741824
      >>> human2bytes('1 tera')
      1099511627776

      >>> human2bytes('0.5kilo')
      512
      >>> human2bytes('0.1  byte')
      0
      >>> human2bytes('1 k')  # k is an alias for K
      1024
      >>> human2bytes('12 foo')
      Traceback (most recent call last):
          ...
      ValueError: can't interpret '12 foo'
    """
    init = s
    num = ""
    while s and s[0:1].isdigit() or s[0:1] == '.':
        num += s[0]
        s = s[1:]
    num = float(num)
    letter = s.strip()
    for name, sset in SYMBOLS.items():
        if letter in sset:
            break
    else:
        if letter == 'k':
            # treat 'k' as an alias for 'K' as per: http://goo.gl/kTQMs
            sset = SYMBOLS['customary']
            letter = letter.upper()
        else:
            raise ValueError("can't interpret %r" % init)
    prefix = {sset[0]:1}
    for i, s in enumerate(sset[1:]):
        prefix[s] = 1 << (i+1)*10
    return int(num * prefix[letter])


if __name__ == "__main__":
    import doctest
    doctest.testmod()

Extra: for an alternative version as simple as possible (no global vars, no extra args, easier to customize) see here: http://code.google.com/p/pyftpdlib/source/browse/trunk/test/bench.py?spec=svn984&r=984#137

2 comments

Maxim Sus 6 years, 8 months ago  # | flag

Hi, How can I use this script from a linux shell? Thanks

Giampaolo Rodolà (author) 6 years, 8 months ago  # | flag

After "if __name__ == "__main__":" remove the doctest related lines and add this:

import sys
print(bytes2human(sys.argv[1]))