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Python code to convert RGB to HSV and vice-versa.

Python, 42 lines
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import math

def hsv2rgb(h, s, v):
    h = float(h)
    s = float(s)
    v = float(v)
    h60 = h / 60.0
    h60f = math.floor(h60)
    hi = int(h60f) % 6
    f = h60 - h60f
    p = v * (1 - s)
    q = v * (1 - f * s)
    t = v * (1 - (1 - f) * s)
    r, g, b = 0, 0, 0
    if hi == 0: r, g, b = v, t, p
    elif hi == 1: r, g, b = q, v, p
    elif hi == 2: r, g, b = p, v, t
    elif hi == 3: r, g, b = p, q, v
    elif hi == 4: r, g, b = t, p, v
    elif hi == 5: r, g, b = v, p, q
    r, g, b = int(r * 255), int(g * 255), int(b * 255)
    return r, g, b
    
def rgb2hsv(r, g, b):
    r, g, b = r/255.0, g/255.0, b/255.0
    mx = max(r, g, b)
    mn = min(r, g, b)
    df = mx-mn
    if mx == mn:
        h = 0
    elif mx == r:
        h = (60 * ((g-b)/df) + 360) % 360
    elif mx == g:
        h = (60 * ((b-r)/df) + 120) % 360
    elif mx == b:
        h = (60 * ((r-g)/df) + 240) % 360
    if mx == 0:
        s = 0
    else:
        s = df/mx
    v = mx
    return h, s, v

R, G, B values are [0, 255]. H value is [0, 360]. S, V values are [0, 1].

Implementation based on pseudo-code from Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_and_HSV

2 comments

Larry Hastings 12 years, 10 months ago  # | flag

Wouldn't it have been easier to use the "colorsys" module? It's been part of Python since version 1.5.2 in 1998.

http://docs.python.org/library/colorsys.html

Michael Fogleman (author) 12 years, 10 months ago  # | flag

Thanks, didn't know about that module!