Welcome, guest | Sign In | My Account | Store | Cart
```from scipy import reshape, sqrt, identity

# nDimPoints: list of n-dim tuples
# distFunc: calculates the distance based on the differences
# Ex: Manhatten would be: distFunc=sum(deltaPoint[d] for d in xrange(len(deltaPoint)
def calcDistanceMatrix(nDimPoints,
distFunc=lambda deltaPoint: sqrt(sum(deltaPoint[d]**2 for d in xrange(len(deltaPoint))))):
nDimPoints = array(nDimPoints)
dim = len(nDimPoints[0])
delta = [None]*dim
for d in xrange(dim):
data = nDimPoints[:,d]
delta[d] = data - reshape(data,(len(data),1)) # computes all possible combinations

dist = distFunc(delta)
dist = dist + identity(len(data))*dist.max() # eliminate self matching
# dist is the matrix of distances from one coordinate to any other
return dist

from numpy.matlib import repmat, repeat
def calcDistanceMatrixFastEuclidean(points):
numPoints = len(points)
distMat = sqrt(sum((repmat(points, numPoints, 1) - repeat(points, numPoints, axis=0))**2, axis=1))
return distMat.reshape((numPoints,numPoints))

from numpy import mat, zeros, newaxis
def calcDistanceMatrixFastEuclidean2(nDimPoints):
nDimPoints = array(nDimPoints)
n,m = nDimPoints.shape
delta = zeros((n,n),'d')
for d in xrange(m):
data = nDimPoints[:,d]
delta += (data - data[:,newaxis])**2
return sqrt(delta)

#################
# Unittest
#################
class CalcDistanceMatrixTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
def setUp(self):
self.distanceMatrixFunc = "calcDistanceMatrix"

def test_2D(self):
points = [[0, 0], [1, 1], [4, 5]]
dm = eval("%s(points)"%self.distanceMatrixFunc)
self.assertAlmostEqual(1.414213562373095049, dm[0][1])
self.assertAlmostEqual(6.403124237432848686, dm[0][2])
self.assertAlmostEqual(5, dm[1][2])
self._testSymmetry(dm)

def test_3D(self):
points = [[0, 0, 0], [1.0, 1, 1], [4, 5, 6], [10,10,10]]
dm = eval("%s(points)"%self.distanceMatrixFunc)
self.assertAlmostEqual(1.732050807568877294, dm[0][1])
self.assertAlmostEqual(8.77496438739212206, dm[0][2])
self.assertAlmostEqual(17.32050807568877294, dm[0][3])
self.assertAlmostEqual(7.071067811865475244, dm[1][2])
self.assertAlmostEqual(15.58845726811989564, dm[1][3])
self.assertAlmostEqual(8.77496438739212206, dm[2][3])
self._testSymmetry(dm)

def _testSymmetry(self, dm):
for i in range(len(dm)):
for j in range(len(dm)):
self.assertEqual(dm[i][j], dm[j][i])

class CalcDistanceMatrixFastTestCase(CalcDistanceMatrixTestCase):
def setUp(self):
self.distanceMatrixFunc = "calcDistanceMatrixFastEuclidean"

class CalcDistanceMatrixFast2TestCase(CalcDistanceMatrixTestCase):
def setUp(self):
self.distanceMatrixFunc = "calcDistanceMatrixFastEuclidean2"

```

### History

• revision 3 (16 years ago)
• previous revisions are not available