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# -*- coding: iso-8859-15 -*-
"""IP4 address range set implementation.

Implements an IPv4-range type.

Copyright (C) 2006, Heiko Wundram.
Released under the MIT-license:

Copyright (c) 2006, Heiko Wundram.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:

 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
   included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
"""

# Version information
# -------------------

__author__ = "Heiko Wundram <me@modelnine.org>"
__version__ = "0.2"
__revision__ = "3"
__date__ = "2006-01-20"


# Imports
# -------

import IntSet # File containing recipe 466286
import socket


# IP4Range class
# --------------

class IP4Range(IntSet.IntSet):
    """IP4 address range class with efficient storage of address ranges.
    Supports all set operations."""

    _MINIP4 = 0
    _MAXIP4 = (1<<32) - 1
    _UNITYTRANS = "".join(chr(n) for n in range(256))
    _IPREMOVE = "0123456789."

    def __init__(self,*args):
        """Initialize an ip4range class. The constructor accepts an unlimited
        number of arguments that may either be tuples in the form (start,stop),
        integers, longs or strings, where start and stop in a tuple may
        also be of the form integer, long or string.

        Passing an integer or long means passing an IPv4-address that's already
        been converted to integer notation, whereas passing a string specifies
        an address where this conversion still has to be done. A string
        address may be in the following formats:

        - 1.2.3.4    - a plain address, interpreted as a single address
        - 1.2.3      - a set of addresses, interpreted as 1.2.3.0-1.2.3.255
        - localhost  - hostname to look up, interpreted as single address
        - 1.2.3<->5  - a set of addresses, interpreted as 1.2.3.0-1.2.5.255
        - 1.2.0.0/16 - a set of addresses, interpreted as 1.2.0.0-1.2.255.255

        Only the first three notations are valid if you use a string address in
        a tuple, whereby notation 2 is interpreted as 1.2.3.0 if specified as
        lower bound and 1.2.3.255 if specified as upper bound, not as a range
        of addresses.

        Specifying a range is done with the <-> operator. This is necessary
        because '-' might be present in a hostname. '<->' shouldn't be, ever.
        """

        # Special case copy constructor.
        if len(args) == 1 and isinstance(args[0],IP4Range):
            super(IP4Range,self).__init__(args[0])
            return

        # Convert arguments to tuple syntax.
        args = list(args)
        for i in range(len(args)):
            argval = args[i]
            if isinstance(argval,str):
                if "<->" in argval:
                    # Type 4 address.
                    args[i] = self._parseRange(*argval.split("<->",1))
                    continue
                elif "/" in argval:
                    # Type 5 address.
                    args[i] = self._parseMask(*argval.split("/",1))
                else:
                    # Type 1, 2 or 3.
                    args[i] = self._parseAddrRange(argval)
            elif isinstance(argval,tuple):
                if len(tuple) <> 2:
                    raise ValueError("Tuple is of invalid length.")
                addr1, addr2 = argval
                if isinstance(addr1,str):
                    addr1 = self._parseAddrRange(addr1)[0]
                elif not isinstance(addr1,(int,long)):
                    raise TypeError("Invalid argument.")
                if isinstance(addr2,str):
                    addr2 = self._parseAddrRange(addr2)[1]
                elif not isinstance(addr2,(int,long)):
                    raise TypeError("Invalid argument.")
                args[i] = (addr1,addr2)
            elif not isinstance(argval,(int,long)):
                raise TypeError("Invalid argument.")

        # Initialize the integer set.
        super(IP4Range,self).__init__(min=self._MINIP4,max=self._MAXIP4,*args)

    # Parsing functions
    # -----------------

    def _parseAddr(self,addr,lookup=True):
        if lookup and addr.translate(self._UNITYTRANS,self._IPREMOVE):
            try:
                addr = socket.gethostbyname(addr)
            except socket.error:
                raise ValueError("Invalid Hostname as argument.")
        naddr = 0
        for naddrpos, part in enumerate(addr.split(".")):
            if naddrpos >= 4:
                raise ValueError("Address contains more than four parts.")
            try:
                if not part:
                    part = 0
                else:
                    part = int(part)
                if not 0 <= part < 256:
                    raise ValueError
            except ValueError:
                raise ValueError("Address part out of range.")
            naddr <<= 8
            naddr += part
        return naddr, naddrpos+1

    def _parseRange(self,addr1,addr2):
        naddr1, naddr1len = self._parseAddr(addr1)
        naddr2, naddr2len = self._parseAddr(addr2)
        if naddr2len < naddr1len:
            naddr2 += naddr1&(((1<<((naddr1len-naddr2len)*8))-1)<<
                              (naddr2len*8))
            naddr2len = naddr1len
        elif naddr2len > naddr1len:
            raise ValueError("Range has more dots than address.")
        naddr1 <<= (4-naddr1len)*8
        naddr2 <<= (4-naddr2len)*8
        naddr2 += (1<<((4-naddr2len)*8))-1
        return (naddr1,naddr2)

    def _parseMask(self,addr,mask):
        naddr, naddrlen = self._parseAddr(addr)
        naddr <<= (4-naddrlen)*8
        try:
            if not mask:
                masklen = 0
            else:
                masklen = int(mask)
            if not 0 <= masklen <= 32:
                raise ValueError
        except ValueError:
            try:
                mask = self._parseAddr(mask,False)
            except ValueError:
                raise ValueError("Mask isn't parseable.")
            remaining = 0
            masklen = 0
            if not mask:
                masklen = 0
            else:
                while not (mask&1):
                    remaining += 1
                while (mask&1):
                    mask >>= 1
                    masklen += 1
                if remaining+masklen <> 32:
                    raise ValueError("Mask isn't a proper host mask.")
        naddr1 = naddr & (((1<<masklen)-1)<<(32-masklen))
        naddr2 = naddr1 + (1<<(32-masklen)) - 1
        return (naddr1,naddr2)

    def _parseAddrRange(self,addr):
        naddr, naddrlen = self._parseAddr(addr)
        naddr1 = naddr<<((4-naddrlen)*8)
        naddr2 = ( (naddr<<((4-naddrlen)*8)) +
                   (1<<((4-naddrlen)*8)) - 1 )
        return (naddr1,naddr2)

    # Utility functions
    # -----------------

    def _int2ip(self,num):
        rv = []
        for i in range(4):
            rv.append(str(num&255))
            num >>= 8
        return ".".join(reversed(rv))

    # Iterating
    # ---------

    def iteraddresses(self):
        """Returns an iterator which iterates over ips in this iprange. An
        IP is returned in string form (e.g. '1.2.3.4')."""

        for v in super(IP4Range,self).__iter__():
            yield self._int2ip(v)

    def iterranges(self):
        """Returns an iterator which iterates over ip-ip ranges which build
        this iprange if combined. An ip-ip pair is returned in string form
        (e.g. '1.2.3.4-2.3.4.5')."""

        for r in self._ranges:
            if r[1]-r[0] == 1:
                yield self._int2ip(r[0])
            else:
                yield '%s-%s' % (self._int2ip(r[0]),self._int2ip(r[1]-1))

    def itermasks(self):
        """Returns an iterator which iterates over ip/mask pairs which build
        this iprange if combined. An IP/Mask pair is returned in string form
        (e.g. '1.2.3.0/24')."""

        for r in self._ranges:
            for v in self._itermasks(r):
                yield v

    def _itermasks(self,r):
        ranges = [r]
        while ranges:
            cur = ranges.pop()
            curmask = 0
            while True:
                curmasklen = 1<<(32-curmask)
                start = (cur[0]+curmasklen-1)&(((1<<curmask)-1)<<(32-curmask))
                if start >= cur[0] and start+curmasklen <= cur[1]:
                    break
                else:
                    curmask += 1
            yield "%s/%s" % (self._int2ip(start),curmask)
            if cur[0] < start:
                ranges.append((cur[0],start))
            if cur[1] > start+curmasklen:
                ranges.append((start+curmasklen,cur[1]))

    __iter__ = iteraddresses

    # Printing
    # --------

    def __repr__(self):
        """Returns a string which can be used to reconstruct this iprange."""

        rv = []
        for start, stop in self._ranges:
            if stop-start == 1:
                rv.append("%r" % (self._int2ip(start),))
            else:
                rv.append("(%r,%r)" % (self._int2ip(start),
                                       self._int2ip(stop-1)))
        return "%s(%s)" % (self.__class__.__name__,",".join(rv))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    # Little test script.
    x = IP4Range("172.22.162.250/24")
    y = IP4Range("172.22.162.250","172.22.163.250","172.22.163.253<->255")
    print x
    for val in x.itermasks():
        print val
    for val in y.itermasks():
        print val
    for val in (x|y).itermasks():
        print val
    for val in (x^y).iterranges():
        print val
    for val in x:
        print val

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  • revision 5 (16 years ago)
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