A script demonstrating how to manually do basic authentication over http.
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See the discussion in the script. The main thing is that the documentation on authentication is not easy to follow - this example should illustrate it clearly. It shows what a realm is and how to extract that from your http response headers. If you are writing an http client and may need to store and use several username/password combination then this recipe will illustrate all you need to know.
The correct way to do this of course is with an AuthHandler and PasswordMgr - which is a pain. See the new example I've added at the bottom which shows how to do this.....