Popular Python recipes tagged "meta:min_python_2"http://code.activestate.com/recipes/langs/python/tags/meta:min_python_2/2017-07-11T18:57:54-07:00ActiveState Code RecipesInsert a Text Box in a PDF page (fitz / PyMuPDF) (Python) 2017-06-29T22:54:25-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580809-insert-a-text-box-in-a-pdf-page-fitz-pymupdf/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580809 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/fitz/">fitz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/mupdf/">mupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/textbox/">textbox</a>). </p> <p>This method inserts text into a predefined rectangular area of a (new or existing) PDF page. Words are distributed across the available space, put on new lines when required etc. Line breaks and tab characters are respected / resolved. Text can be aligned in the box (left, center, right) and fonts can be freely chosen. The method returns a float indicating how vertical space is left over after filling the area.</p> Frame with border color for Tkinter (Python) 2017-04-17T11:25:02-07:00Miguel Martínez Lópezhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4189907/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580735-frame-with-border-color-for-tkinter/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580735 by <a href="/recipes/users/4189907/">Miguel Martínez López</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/border/">border</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/color/">color</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/frame/">frame</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/tkinter/">tkinter</a>). </p> <p>This trick show how to add a border color to frame. These are the important configurations:</p> <pre class="prettyprint"><code> highlightbackground="your border color here" highlightcolor="your border color here" highlightthickness="the border width" bd= 0 </code></pre> Inserting Images on PDF Pages (Python) 2017-05-17T21:10:26-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580803-inserting-images-on-pdf-pages/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580803 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/fitz/">fitz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/mupdf/">mupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pymupdf/">pymupdf</a>). </p> <p>Version 1.11.0 of PyMuPDF allows putting an image on an existing PDF page. The following example puts the same image on every page of a given PDF - like a thumbnail.</p> Convert Microsot Excel (XLSX) to PDF with Python and xtopdf (Python) 2015-11-22T22:15:25-08:00Vasudev Ramhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4173351/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/579128-convert-microsot-excel-xlsx-to-pdf-with-python-and/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 579128 by <a href="/recipes/users/4173351/">Vasudev Ram</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/excel/">excel</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/formats/">formats</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/openpyxl/">openpyxl</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/python/">python</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/xlsx/">xlsx</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/xtopdf/">xtopdf</a>). </p> <p>This recipe shows how the basics of to convert the text data in a Microsoft Excel file (XLSX format) to PDF (Portable Document Format). It uses openpyxl to read the XLSX file and xtopdf to generate the PDF file.</p> Implementing function-based callbacks in Python (Python) 2017-04-19T18:03:11-07:00Vasudev Ramhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4173351/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580787-implementing-function-based-callbacks-in-python/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580787 by <a href="/recipes/users/4173351/">Vasudev Ram</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/callback/">callback</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/function/">function</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/functions/">functions</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/python/">python</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/techniques/">techniques</a>). </p> <p>This recipe shows a simple way of implementing callbacks in Python. There are a few ways this can be done. The way shown here uses a simple function-based approach.</p> <p>In a nutshell, a callback can be informally described like this: function <strong>a</strong> calls function <strong>b</strong>, and wants to make <strong>b</strong> run a specific independent chunk of code at some point during <strong>b</strong>'s execution. We want to be able to vary which chunk of code gets called in different calls to <strong>b</strong>, so it cannot be hard-coded inside <strong>b</strong>. So function <strong>a</strong> passes another function, <strong>c</strong>, to <strong>b</strong>, as one argument, and <strong>b</strong> uses that parameter <strong>c</strong> to call the functionality that <strong>a</strong> wants <strong>b</strong> to call. (Function <strong>b</strong> may pass some parameters to the function represented by <strong>c</strong>, when it calls it. These could be either internally generated, passed from <strong>a</strong>, or a combination of both). So, by changing the value of the function <strong>c</strong> that gets passed to <strong>b</strong> (on different calls to <strong>b</strong>), <strong>a</strong> can change what chunk of code <strong>b</strong> calls.</p> <p>More details and full code, description and output here:</p> <p><a href="https://jugad2.blogspot.in/2017/04/implementing-and-using-callbacks-in.html" rel="nofollow">https://jugad2.blogspot.in/2017/04/implementing-and-using-callbacks-in.html</a></p> Implementing class-based callbacks in Python (Python) 2017-04-20T23:34:50-07:00Vasudev Ramhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4173351/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580788-implementing-class-based-callbacks-in-python/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580788 by <a href="/recipes/users/4173351/">Vasudev Ram</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/callbacks/">callbacks</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/classes/">classes</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/functions/">functions</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/methods/">methods</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/objects/">objects</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/programming/">programming</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/python/">python</a>). </p> <p>This is a follow-on to this recently posted recipe:</p> <p>Implementing function-based callbacks in Python: <a href="https://code.activestate.com/recipes/580787-implementing-function-based-callbacks-in-python/?in=user-4173351" rel="nofollow">https://code.activestate.com/recipes/580787-implementing-function-based-callbacks-in-python/?in=user-4173351</a></p> <p>This new recipe shows how to create and use callbacks in Python, using classes with methods, instead of plain functions, as was done in the recipe linked above. All other points such as reasons and benefits for using callbacks, are more or less the same as mentioned in the previous recipe, except that class instances can carry state around, so to that extent, the two approaches are different.</p> <p><a href="https://jugad2.blogspot.in/2017/04/python-callbacks-using-classes-and.html" rel="nofollow">https://jugad2.blogspot.in/2017/04/python-callbacks-using-classes-and.html</a></p> Create Calendars on PDF with a few lines (Python) 2017-06-13T10:57:34-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580805-create-calendars-on-pdf-with-a-few-lines/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580805 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/calendar/">calendar</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/fitz/">fitz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/mupdf/">mupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pymupdf/">pymupdf</a>). Revision 2. </p> <p>PyMuPDF (fitz) provides easy to use ways to create PDF documents out of simple texts.</p> <p>An example is the text output of Python's calendar module. Here we take a starting year as script parameter and output a 3-page (A4 landscape) document with calendars for this and the following two years - in less than 20 lines of code.</p> Tkinter table with scrollbars (Python) 2017-05-06T19:06:05-07:00Miguel Martínez Lópezhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4189907/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580793-tkinter-table-with-scrollbars/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580793 by <a href="/recipes/users/4189907/">Miguel Martínez López</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/scrollbars/">scrollbars</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/table/">table</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/tkinter/">tkinter</a>). Revision 13. </p> <p>I created here a tkinter table with scrollbar support. I use one of my other recipes for the mousewheel support and scrolling:</p> <p><a href="https://code.activestate.com/recipes/580640-scrolling-frame-with-mouse-wheel-support" rel="nofollow">https://code.activestate.com/recipes/580640-scrolling-frame-with-mouse-wheel-support</a></p> How to handle PDF embedded files with PyMuPDF (Python) 2017-07-11T18:57:54-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580796-how-to-handle-pdf-embedded-files-with-pymupdf/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580796 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/embedded_files/">embedded_files</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/fitz/">fitz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/mupdf/">mupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pymupdf/">pymupdf</a>). Revision 3. </p> <p>Version 1.11.0 (based on MuPDF v1.11) allows exporting, importing and interrogating files embedded in a PDF.</p> <p>PDF "/EmbeddedFiles" are similar to ZIP archives (or the Microsoft OLE technique), allowing arbitrary data to be incorporated in a PDF and benefit from its unique features.</p> How to create a simple PDF Pie Chart using fitz / PyMuPDF (Python) 2017-07-10T16:07:51-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580810-how-to-create-a-simple-pdf-pie-chart-using-fitz-py/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580810 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/fitz/">fitz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf_generation/">pdf_generation</a>). </p> <p>PyMuPDF now supports drawing pie charts on a PDF page.</p> <p>Important parameters for the function are center of the circle, one of the two arc's end points and the angle of the circular sector. The function will draw the pie piece (in a variety of options) and return the arc's calculated other end point for any subsequent processing.</p> <p>This example creates a chart of the parliament seat distribution for political parties in the current German Bundestag.</p> Equally-spaced numbers (linspace) (Python) 2015-01-12T22:16:37-08:00Andrew Barnerthttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4184316/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/579000-equally-spaced-numbers-linspace/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 579000 by <a href="/recipes/users/4184316/">Andrew Barnert</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/float/">float</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/linspace/">linspace</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/range/">range</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/spread/">spread</a>). </p> <p>An equivalent of <a href="http://docs.scipy.org/doc/numpy/reference/generated/numpy.linspace.html"><code>numpy.linspace</code></a>, but as a pure-Python lazy sequence.</p> <p>Like NumPy's <code>linspace</code>, but unlike the <a href="http://code.activestate.com/recipes/577068/"><code>spread</code></a> and <a href="http://code.activestate.com/recipes/577068/"><code>frange</code></a> recipes listed here, the <code>num</code> argument specifies the number of values, not the number of intervals, and the range is closed, not half-open.</p> <p>Although this is primarily designed for floats, it will work for <code>Fraction</code>, <code>Decimal</code>, NumPy arrays (although this would be silly) and even <code>datetime</code> values.</p> <p>This recipe can also serve as an example for creating lazy sequences.</p> <p>See the discussion below for caveats.</p> Inserting pages into a PDF with PyMuPDF (Python) 2017-05-17T21:15:26-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580802-inserting-pages-into-a-pdf-with-pymupdf/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580802 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/fitz/">fitz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/mupdf/">mupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/text_conversion/">text_conversion</a>). Revision 2. </p> <p>Version 1.11.0 of PyMuPDF allows creating new PDF pages, as well as inserting images into existing pages.</p> <p>Here is a script that converts any textfile into a PDF.</p> PDF Text Extraction using fitz / MuPDF (PyMuPDF) (Python) 2016-03-17T12:00:06-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580626-pdf-text-extraction-using-fitz-mupdf-pymupdf/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580626 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/cbz/">cbz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/epub/">epub</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/mupdf/">mupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/openxps/">openxps</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pymupdf/">pymupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/text_extraction/">text_extraction</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/xps/">xps</a>). </p> <p>Extract all the text of a PDF (or other supported container types) at very high speed. In general, text pieces of a PDF page are not arranged in natural reading order, but in the order they were entered during PDF creation. This script re-arranges text blocks according to their pixel coordinates to achieve a more readable output, i.e. top-down, left-right.</p> Simple multicolumn listbox for tkinter (Python) 2017-05-02T22:27:15-07:00Miguel Martínez Lópezhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4189907/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580794-simple-multicolumn-listbox-for-tkinter/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580794 by <a href="/recipes/users/4189907/">Miguel Martínez López</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/listbox/">listbox</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/multicolumn/">multicolumn</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/table/">table</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/tkinter/">tkinter</a>). </p> <p>This recipe makes easy to work a treeview widget like a table.</p> <p>It has several options for styling:</p> <ul> <li>heading_anchor</li> <li>heading_font</li> <li>heading_background</li> <li>heading_foreground</li> <li>cell_anchor</li> <li>cell_background</li> <li>cell_foreground</li> <li>cell_font</li> <li>cell_pady</li> <li>height</li> <li>padding</li> <li>adjust_heading_to_content</li> <li>stripped_rows</li> <li>headers</li> <li>selection_background</li> <li>selection_foreground</li> <li>field_background</li> </ul> <p>The "command" parameter is a callback and its called each time a row is selected.</p> Simulating an unless (reverse if) statement in Python (Python) 2017-02-23T22:38:50-08:00Vasudev Ramhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4173351/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580758-simulating-an-unless-reverse-if-statement-in-pytho/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580758 by <a href="/recipes/users/4173351/">Vasudev Ram</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/features/">features</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/if/">if</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/perl/">perl</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/programming/">programming</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/python/">python</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/trick/">trick</a>). </p> <p>This recipe shows how to simulate an unless statement (a sort of reverse if, like Perl has), in Python. It is just for fun and as an experiment, not meant for real use, because the effect of unless can easily be got by negating the sense of the condition in an if statement.</p> <p>More details and output here:</p> <p><a href="https://jugad2.blogspot.in/2017/02/perl-like-unless-reverse-if-feature-in.html" rel="nofollow">https://jugad2.blogspot.in/2017/02/perl-like-unless-reverse-if-feature-in.html</a></p> groupby() For Unsorted Input (Python) 2017-05-12T10:40:58-07:00Alfehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4182236/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580800-groupby-for-unsorted-input/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580800 by <a href="/recipes/users/4182236/">Alfe</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/algorithm/">algorithm</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/datastructures/">datastructures</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/generators/">generators</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/grouping/">grouping</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/lazy/">lazy</a>). </p> <p>We all know the <code>groupby()</code> which is available in the <code>itertools</code> standard module. This one yields groups of consecutive elements in the input which are meant to be together in one group. For non-consecutive elements this will yield more than one group for the same key.</p> <p>So effectively, <code>groupby()</code> only reformats a flat list into bunches of elements from that list without reordering anything. In practice this means that for input sorted by key this works perfect, but for unsorted input it might yield several groups for the same key (with groups for other keys in between). Typically needed, though, is a grouping with reordering if necessary.</p> <p>I implemented a likewise lazy function (yielding generators) which also accepts ungrouped input.</p> How to Create a PDF with a Caustic Drawing (Python) 2017-06-18T17:43:47-07:00Jorj X. McKiehttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4193772/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580806-how-to-create-a-pdf-with-a-caustic-drawing/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580806 by <a href="/recipes/users/4193772/">Jorj X. McKie</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/fitz/">fitz</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/mupdf/">mupdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pdf/">pdf</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/pymupdf/">pymupdf</a>). </p> <p>Just a little demo on how to create simple drawings with PyMuPDF.</p> <p>This script simulates what you see looking into your coffee mug, early in the morning after a long night of programming ...</p> Tkinter frame with gradient (Python) 2017-03-11T03:43:56-08:00Miguel Martínez Lópezhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4189907/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580761-tkinter-frame-with-gradient/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580761 by <a href="/recipes/users/4189907/">Miguel Martínez López</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/canvas/">canvas</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/frame/">frame</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/gradient/">gradient</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/tkinter/">tkinter</a>). Revision 4. </p> <p>Frame with linear gradient using PIL. </p> <p>It's also possible to make the same trick using tkinter PhotoImage.</p> <p><a href="http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10417524/why-is-photoimage-put-slow" rel="nofollow">http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10417524/why-is-photoimage-put-slow</a></p> <p>But PIL is more efficient:</p> <p><a href="https://groups.google.com/forum/#%21topic/comp.lang.python/nQ6YO-dTz10" rel="nofollow">https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/comp.lang.python/nQ6YO-dTz10</a></p> <p>Possible values for <strong>orient</strong> are: <em>VERTICAL</em>, <em>HORIZONTAL</em>. If <strong>orient</strong> is "vertical", then width is mandatory. If <strong>orient</strong> is "horizontal", then height is mandatory. If <strong>steps</strong> is <em>None</em>, then the gradient is composed of adjacent lines.</p> <p>One possible practical application of gradient frames are tool bars. Gradient guives a visual clue of when an area starts and when an area finish. </p> Tkinter search box (Python) 2017-04-08T12:27:36-07:00Miguel Martínez Lópezhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4189907/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580773-tkinter-search-box/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580773 by <a href="/recipes/users/4189907/">Miguel Martínez López</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/entry/">entry</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/search/">search</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/searchbox/">searchbox</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/tkinter/">tkinter</a>). Revision 9. </p> <p>Instead of using two colors for active background and normal background, I use only one color and opacity parameter.</p> <p>I trigger the feeling of a button using different colors when the mouse is and isn't over. Many modern HTML search boxes uses the same approach.</p> <p>Command function receives text of entry box when button is pressed.</p> Tkinter Link or Hyperlink Button (Python) 2017-04-07T11:51:26-07:00Miguel Martínez Lópezhttp://code.activestate.com/recipes/users/4189907/http://code.activestate.com/recipes/580774-tkinter-link-or-hyperlink-button/ <p style="color: grey"> Python recipe 580774 by <a href="/recipes/users/4189907/">Miguel Martínez López</a> (<a href="/recipes/tags/button/">button</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/hyperlink/">hyperlink</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/link/">link</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/tkinter/">tkinter</a>, <a href="/recipes/tags/webbrowser/">webbrowser</a>). Revision 6. </p> <p>If a background is not provided, the widget gets the background color from its container. The link button has two states: normal and visited. When the link is clicked, the state change to visited. When the link is clicked the action command is called. By default the text of the link has an underline. There is several options for customization.</p> <p>I also added this megawidget to my "Metro UI Tkinter" recipe:</p> <p><a href="https://code.activestate.com/recipes/580729-metro-ui-tkinter" rel="nofollow">https://code.activestate.com/recipes/580729-metro-ui-tkinter</a></p>